Forty Seven, Inc. Announces Foundational Preclinical Data Supporting the Development of FSI-174 in Combination with Magrolimab as a Novel All Antibody Conditioning Regimen for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
-- Expect to Initiate Phase 1 Clinical Trial in
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“We are excited to report these preclinical data, which reflect our deep understanding of macrophage biology and our ability to build targeted antibody combinations to better facilitate phagocytosis,” said
Forty Seven’s novel all antibody condition regimen seeks to address the limitations of current stem cell transplantation (SCT) conditioning regimens, which utilize chemotherapy and/or radiation to kill HSCs and make space for transplanted cells. These regimens are highly toxic, induce immune suppression and may require hospitalization. Numerous comorbidities are often observed, including severe infections, impaired brain development, infertility, endocrine dysfunction, secondary malignancies and organ damage. As a result, many patients are ineligible for, or choose not to undergo, SCT.
In the preclinical data presented at ASH, FSI-174 demonstrated binding affinity to both human and NHP cKIT receptors, and induced phagocytosis as well as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, FSI-174 was well-tolerated when administered to NHPs as a single agent, with no dose-limiting toxicities. The no-observed-adverse-effect level (NoAEL) was established at 50 mg/kg, the highest dose tested.
When administered together, FSI-174 and magrolimab demonstrated a synergistic benefit, promoting the highest level of phagocytosis of cKIT expressing target cells and inducing significant HSC depletion nine days after infusion compared to placebo. As expected, there were no changes in blood cell counts over the course of the study, with no cytopenias observed with either monotherapy or combination treatment. These pharmacodynamic and NHP data demonstrate the specificity and safety of FSI-174 and magrolimab, and reveal a window for SCT where the cKIT antibody is washed out, but the depletion of HSCs is sustained long enough to enable the transplantation of donor HSCs.
“While curative for numerous diseases, SCT must be preceded by highly toxic chemotherapy or radiation that many people cannot tolerate, significantly limiting its use and leaving patients and physicians to rely on less effective options,” said
Forty Seven expects to complete investigational new drug (IND)-enabling studies by the end of 2019, and subject to approval of the IND by the
Investor Event and Webcast Information
Forty Seven will host an investor event on
About FSI-174 and Magrolimab
FSI-174 is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting cKIT, which is a receptor that is highly expressed on hematopoietic stem cells. Magrolimab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting CD47, which is a “don’t eat me” signal to macrophages and is expressed on all cells. Magrolimab is currently being investigated in Phase 2 clinical trials to treat cancer and has established clinical efficacy in four indications, including myelodysplastic syndrome, acute myeloid leukemia, diffuse large B cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma, with a favorable safety profile in over 400 patients treated, including some patients treated continuously for over two years. When combined, FSI-174 sends a positive signal to macrophages to target blood forming stem cells for removal as magrolimab disengages inhibitory signals that block phagocytosis. Combination of these antibodies has shown efficient removal of blood forming stem cells, allowing for transplantation in pre-clinical models.
Forward Looking Statements
Statements contained in this press release regarding matters that are not historical facts are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “seek,” "will," “would,” and similar expressions (as well as other words or expressions referencing future events, conditions, or circumstances) are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements include those related to the timing and potential for future Forty Seven clinical trials relating to FSI-174 and magrolimab, the potential utility of FSI-174 in combination with magrolimab to deplete HSCs from bone marrow, the potential of Forty Seven’s all antibody-based conditioning regimen to deplete HSCs without relying on chemotherapy or radiation, the potential of Forty Seven’s all antibody-based conditioning regimen to broaden the population eligible for SCT and to expand its use into a wide range of genetic blood disorders, autoimmune diseases, leukemias and lymphomas, the potential for approval of future INDs, the data and results of future Forty Seven clinical trials relating to FSI-174 and magrolimab, the outcome of future regulatory interactions, the results of clinical trials and the outlook for Forty Seven’s other programs.
Because such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The product candidates that Forty Seven develops may not progress through clinical development or receive required regulatory approvals within expected timelines or at all. In addition, clinical trials may not confirm any safety, potency or other product characteristics described or assumed in this press release. Such product candidates may not be beneficial to patients or successfully commercialized. The failure to meet expectations with respect to any of the foregoing matters may have a negative effect on Forty Seven's stock price. Additional information concerning these and other risk factors affecting Forty Seven's business can be found in Forty Seven's periodic filings with the
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Source: Forty Seven, Inc.